英语翻译Manufacture of chemicals in the mid-19th century consist

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英语翻译
Manufacture of chemicals in the mid-19th century consisted of modest craft operations.Increase in demand,public concern at the emission of noxious effluents,and competition between rival processes provided the incentives for greater efficiency.This led to the emergence of combines with resources for larger operations and caused the transition from a craft to a science-based industury.The result was a demand for chemists with knowledge of manufacturing processes,known as industurial chemists or chemical technologists.The term chemical engineer was in general use by about 1900.Despite its emergence in traditional chemicals manufacturing,it was through its role in the development of the petroleum industry that chemical engineering became firmly established as a unique discipline.The demand for plants capable of operating physical separation processes continuously at high levels of efficiency was a challenge that could not be met by the traditional chemist or mechanical engineer.
1个回答 分类:综合 2014-09-30

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19世纪中期的化学制品的制造是普通手工业行业完成的.人们对化学制品需求量的增加,公众对有毒废水排放的更加关注,以及行业中对手的竞争,这些都推动着化学品制造,使其效率更高.这导致了,小作坊合并成大公司,手工业转向科学化的工业.结果对懂得化学品制造过程的化学家的需求增加,这些人就是人们知道的工业化学家或者化学技术专家.化学工程师这种说法在1900年左右时被普遍使用,尽管如此,化学工程学是在石油工业的发展中才正式被确立为一个独立的学科的.我们需要化工厂能持续,高效的操控物质分离过程,这是传统化学家或者机械工程师不可能遇到的挑战
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