世界最难学的语言都有哪些(最好有排行榜)

问题描述:

世界最难学的语言都有哪些(最好有排行榜)
1个回答 分类:综合 2014-11-17

问题解答:

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联合国教科文调查:世界上最难学的语言排名:
1-汉语(中国)
2-希腊语(希腊)
3-阿拉伯语(阿拉伯)
4-冰岛语(冰岛)
5-日语(日本)
6-芬兰语(芬兰)
7-德语(德国)
8-挪威语(挪威)
9-丹麦语(丹麦)
10-法语(法国)
==================== 其实应该把爱斯基摩语列入其中才对.
语言的难易程度和文化密切相关.一个国家的文化越丰富其语言也越深奥.
如果抛开文化因素孤立地谈语言(这当然显得有点幼稚),那么最难学的大概是爱斯基摩语.请看下文:
People thinking about the origin of language for the first time usually arrive at the conclusion that it developed gradually as a system of grunts,hisses and cries and must have been a very simple affair in the beginning.However,when we observe the language behaviour of what we regard as primitive cultures,we find it surprisingly complicated.It was believed that an Eskimo must have the tip of his tongue a vocabulary of more than 10,000 words so as to get along reasonably well,much larger than the active vocabulary of an average businessman who speaks English.Moreover,these Eskimo words are far more highly infleeted than those of any of the well -known European languages,for a single noun can be spoken or written in several hundred different forms,each having a precise meaning different from that of any other.
The forms of the verbs are even more numerous.The Eskimo language is,therefore,one of the most difficult languages in the world to learn,with the result that almost no traders or explorers have even tried to learn it....
请注意第二段的第二句话.
北二外有云:‘三分钟韩语,三小时英语,三天的法语,三个月的日语,三年的德语,三百年的阿拉伯语哟!
有一种说法,世界上最难学的语言有两种,一是我们的母语——汉语,而另一个就是阿拉伯语了.阿拉伯语是世界上最早出现的拼音文字,从它3000多年前产生之日起就几乎没有什么变化.语法的“纷繁复杂”和句子“冗长晦涩”是阿拉伯语的一大特点.阿拉伯语由28个字母组成,而每个字母根据不同的发音符号又要发出12个不同的音,屈指算来,这28个字母的全部发音竟有336个!这恐怕是其他任何一种语言都难以与之匹敌的.除了数目众多以外,在发音上,300多个发音竟无一例是元音,这让早已习惯于汉语的清脆悦耳和英语的AEIOU五大天音的我们,着实头痛——还记得刚入学那会儿光是为了攻克发“舌颤音”这一关,就花去我们将近三个月的时间.那段时间里,口干舌燥者有之,“哑口无言”者亦有之,尤其是几位同仁,在进入大二时遇到颤音也同样是谈“颤”色变.
此外,学习阿拉伯语的人还要面临着阅读方式的挑战:由于阿拉伯文字的书写方向是从右向左,因而教材上的汉语也随之从右向左排版.阅读时常常搞混了方向,摸不着头脑,弄不清什么时候要正读什么时候要反读.恍惚中,颇有些阅读古书竹简的味道.
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